Ekain cave is located in the municipal areas of Zestoa and Deba. It is known for its cave paintings from the Upper Palaeolithic period and more specifically for horse images that are present in the cave. Rafael Rezabal and Andoni Albizuri, members of Antxieta cultural association of Azpeitia discovered the cave in 1969. J. M. de Barandiaran and Albizuri himself dealt with the excavation works. UNESCO declared the cave as a World Heritage Site in 2008, along with the Santimamiñe and Altxerri Caves.
This palaeolithic open air archaeological site is located between the spa and the football field of Zestoa, on the left bank of the Urola river. The Basque Government declared it as monumental site in 2001. Archeologists from Aranzadi Zientzia Elkartea found a pendant that dates back to 25,000 years.
Location: Between the spa and the football field of Zestoa
In the areas around Azkoitia we can find the traces of its first inhabitants. The dolmens of Izarraitz and Munoaundi settlement are a witnesses to the initial settlement activity. The remains uncovered by archaeology allow us to go back 5,000 years in history.
The Marikutx megalith belongs to the Elosua-Plazentzia megalithic site. The prehistoric heritage of this megalith is scattered in the municipalities of Bergara, Azkoitia, Antzuola, Elgoibar, Soraluze and currently consists of 16 monuments (10 mounds and 6 dolmens). Most of these monuments were discovered by J. M. de Barandiaran, between 1920 and 1921. T. Aranzadi y E. Eguren helped him in the excavation between 1921 and 1922. Unfortunately, the majority of these monuments were looted before being investigated.
This walled settlement situated on the Txalintxo mountain between Azkoitia andAzpeitia was built before the arrival of the Romans in the Iron Age. Due to its strategic location it dominated a large area of the Urola valley.